RELATIONSHIPS OF AGENTIC AND COMMUNAL NARCISSISM WITH SELF-EFFICACY IN VARIOUS LIFE DOMAINS
Keywords:agency, communion, agentic narcissism, communal narcissism, self-efficacy
Narcissism is a multidimensional construct, and according to one of the newest conceptualizations, based on the agency-communion model, two dimensions of grandiose narcissism can be distinguished - agentic and communal. Agentic narcissism manifests as a magnification of own accomplishments and competences, while communal narcissism manifests as an emphasis on one’s empathy and doing good deeds for others and mankind. Thus, it can be expected that the two aspects of narcissism show different relationships with self-efficacy in various life domains. The aim of this study is to explore the typology of narcissism, based on agency and communion orientation, as well as to compare dimensional and typological approaches in exploration of relations between narcissim and self-efficacy across different life domains (social, emotional and professional). Results of latent profile analysis showed that four types could be extracted based on measures of agentic and communal narcissism: high narcissism, agentic narcissism, communal narcissism, and low narcissism. Furthermore, results showed that there were no significant differences between high and agentic narcissism types in self-efficacy in various domains, as both showed higher scores on all aspects of self-efficacy. On the other hand, there were no differences in social and work self-efficacy between communal and low narcissism types, but communal type showed higher scores in emotional self-efficacy. Agentic type showed higher scores on both work and social self-efficacy, compared to communal type, while there are no differences in emotional self-efficacy. Comparison of dimensional and typological approaches showed that narcissism types had incremental predictive power over and above the narcissism dimensions in explanation of social and work self-efficacy, but not in explanation of emotional self-efficacy.
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