ZNAMO LI ŠTO NAS ČINI SRETNIMA? VAŽNOST LAIČKIH UVJERENJA O UZROCIMA SREĆE I VRIJEDNOSTI ZA DOŽIVLJAJ SREĆE

  • Andreja Bubić Katedra za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Sveučilište u Splitu
  • Nikola Erceg Odsjek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Ključne reči: implicitne teorije, sreća, uvjerenja, vrijednosti

Apstrakt

Potraga za srećom predstavlja jednu od temeljnih ljudskih težnji koja je u posljednje vrijeme privukla pažnju brojnih istraživača zainteresiranih za otkrivanje čimbenika koji utječu na sreću. Za razliku od većine prethodnih istraživanja u ovom području, koja su bila usmjerena isključivo na ispitivanje antecedenata i posljed- ica doživljavanja sreće, u ovom su istraživanju uz pomoć Upit- nika laičkih uvjerenja o uzrocima sreće ispitana implicitna, laička uvjerenja pojedinaca o uzrocima sreće, kao i njihova povezanost s vrijednostima. Uz to, ispitana je važnost spomenutih laičkih uvjerenja o uzrocima sreće i vrijednosti za trenutno doživljenu razinu sreće sudionika. Istraživanje je provedeno na uzorku od 401 studenta različitih društvenih i humanističkih studija u Hrvat- skoj. Rezultati faktorske analize Upitnika laičkih uvjerenja o uzro- cima sreće pokazali su petfaktorsku strukturu ovog instrumenta, pri čemu su kao zasebni faktori, odnosno mogući uzroci sreće izdvojena životna postignuća, dostupnost luksuza, socijalna pot- pora, osobne snage, te zdravlje i sigurnost koji su pokazali samo umjerene korelacije s vrijednostima pojedinaca. Na kraju, rezultati hijerarhijske regresijske analize izdvojili su vrijednost otvorenosti za promjene te socijalnu potporu koja predstavlja mogući uzrok sreće kao značajne prediktore trenutne sreće sudionika. Dobi- veni rezultati proširuju i nadopunjuju prethodne nalaze u ovom području i pokazuju kako laička uvjerenja o sreći i vrijednosti imaju određeni, relativno skromni doprinos doživljaju sreće.

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