NEREALISTIČNI OPTIMIZAM I DIMENZIJE HEXACO MODELA LIČNOSTI KAO PREDIKTORI PERCEPCIJE RIZIKA I POŠTOVANJA PREVENTIVNIH MERA TOKOM PRVOG TALASA PANDEMIJE

  • Milan Oljača
  • Selka Sadiković
  • Bojan Branovački
  • Dejan Pajić
  • Snežana Smederevac
  • Dušanka Mitrović
Ključne reči: COVID-19, HEXACO, nerealistični optimizam, percepcija rizika, poštovanje zaštitnih mera

Apstrakt

Ciljevi ovog istraživanja bili su ispitivanje potencijalnih razlika i faktora koji doprinose percepciji rizika i poštovanju preventivnih mera na početku (T1) i na kraju (T2) prvog talasa pandemije COVID-19. U istraživanju je učestvovalo 423 ispitanika (M = 30.29, SD = 14.45; 69% ženskog pola). Poštovanje mera, percepcija rizika i poverenje u informacije bili su značajno viši u T1 u poređenju sa T2. Značajni prediktori percepcije rizika u T1 i T2 bili su Emocionalnost (HEXACO-PI-R) i Nerealistički optimizam (NLE – Negativni životni događaji). Poverenje u informacije je bilo značajan prediktor u T1, dok je Nerealistički optimizam (Pozitivni životni događaji) bio značajan prediktor u T2. Kada je u pitanju poštovanje preventivnih mera, značajni prediktori u T1 su bili pol i Poverenje u informacije, dok su i u T1 i u T2 značajni prediktori bili Emocionalnost, Ekstraverzija i Savesnost (HEXACO-PI-R), NLE i Poverenje u informacije. Generalno posmatrano, rezultati ukazuju na to da je uloga osobina ličnosti u razumevanju poštovanja zaštitnih mera, bila važnija na kraju prvog talasa pandemije u odnosu na njen početak. Još jedan od zaključaka jeste da je Nerealistični optimizam (NLE) više izražen kod osoba koje su u manjem stepenu poštovale preporuke u vezi sa zaštitnim merama.

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Objavljeno
03. 03. 2021.