ODNOSI IZMEĐU BAZIČNIH EMOCIJA I ADAPTIVNE VREDNOSTI MODERIRANI SU POLOM KAO INTRINZIČKIM STANJEM

  • Janko Međedović Institut za kriminološka i sociološka istraživanja u Beogradu
  • Boban Petrović Institut za kriminološka i sociološka istraživanja u Beogradu
Ključne reči: adaptivna vrednost, bazične emocije, ljudska bihejvioralna ekologija polne razlike, ponašanje zavisno od stanja

Apstrakt

Jedan od ključnih problema ličnosti je postojanje inter-individualnih razlika u motivaciji, emocijama i ponašanju. Individualne razlike se mogu održavati u populacijama ukoliko su crte ličnosti povezane sa stanjima - uslovima koji utiču na posledice ponašanja koje su povezane sa adaptivnom vrednošću. U ovom radu testirali smo tu pretpostavku analizirajući pol ispitanika kao intrinzičko stanje. Ličnost je operacionalizovana preko bazičnih emocionalnih sistema: STRAH, BES, TUGA, POTRAGA, IGRA i BRIGA. Merili smo nekoliko indikatora koji su povezani sa adaptivnom vrednošću kao što su reproduktivni uspeh, rezidualna reproduktivna vrednost, tajming reprodukcije, početak seksualne aktivnosti i frekventnost kratkoročnog sparivanja. Podaci su prikupljeni na prigodnom uzorku iz zajednice dobijenom pomoću procesa "snežne grudve" (N = 635) a sam upitnik je zadavan online. Dobijene su predvidive polne razlike u izraženosti bazičnih emocija: muškarci su imali niže skorove na sistemima BRIGA, STRAH i TUGA. Nalazi su takođe pokazali da bazične emocije imaju adaptivnu ulogu u biološkom smislu (u smislu asocijacija između emocija i indikatora adaptivne vrednosti), ovo se pokazalo tačno pogotovo za emocije BRIGE i BESA. Na kraju, detektovano je pet interakcija koje su pokazale da se adaptivni benefiti emocionalnih sistema razlikuju za muškarce i žene na konceptualno očekivan način: za muškarce su visoko izražena IGRA i nisko izražen STRAH i TUGA imali pozitivne asocijacije sa sparivanjem i reprodukcijom; sa druge strane nisko izražen BES kod muškaraca je bio maladaptivan jer je bio pozitivno asociran sa planiranim i observiranim uzrastom prve reprodukcije. Rezultati istraživanja pokazali su da crte ličnosti operacionalizovane kao bazični emocionalni sistemi mogu pozitivno doprineti adaptivnoj vrednosti. Dobijeni nalazi proširuju razumevanje ljudske ličnosti kao ponašanja zavisnih od stanja i potvrđuju benefite primene modela iz animalne bihejvioralne ekologije u ljudskoj ekologiji ponašanja.

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