PROCENA FINANSIJSKE SITUACIJE I ORIJENTACIJE U NALAŽENJU ZAPOSLENJA KAO FAKTORI PSIHO-FIZIČKOG ZDRAVLJA KOD NEZAPOSLENIH

  • Nebojša Majstorović Odsek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
  • Dragana Jelić Odsek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
  • Boris Popov Odsek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
  • Jelena Matanović Odsek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
  • Ana Komlenić Odsek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
Ključne reči: nezaposlenost, finansijska situacija, poricanje, rešavanje problema, zdravlje

Apstrakt

Na uzorku od 222 nezaposlene osobe iz četiri regiona u Republici Srbiji sprovedeno je istraživanje sa ciljem da se ispita kakav efekat subjektivna percepcija finansijske situacije, nastale nakon gubitka posla, ostvaruje na učestalost simptoma poremećaja psiho-fizičkog zdravlja kod nezaposlenih. Podaci su prikupljeni pomoću upitnika za procenu učestalosti simptoma poremećaja psiho-fizičkog zdravlja, upitnika za subjektivnu procenu finansijske situacije i stavki koje se tiču prevalentnosti odnosa nezaposlene osobe prema situaciji gubitka posla (rešavanje ili poricanje tog problema). Rezultati podržavaju očekivanje da je percepcija težine finansijske situacije zaista faktor psiho-fizičkog zdravlja nezaposlenih osoba, kako ukupnog zdravlja tako i njegovih pojedinih dimenzija. Utvrđeno je da teška finansijska situacija narušava zdravlje nezaposlenih bez obzira na dužinu trajanja nezaposlenosti, nivo obrazovanja ili starost nezaposlenih osoba. Nadalje, podržano je i očekivanje da je orijentacija ka rešavanju problema nezaposlenosti povezana sa manje depresivnih i anksioznih simptoma kod nezaposlenih u odnosu na orijentaciju ka poricanju problema nezaposlenosti. Konačno, dobijeni rezultati pokazuju da nezaposlene žene izveštavaju o lošijem psiho-fizičkom zdravlju u odnosu na muškarce, ali i to da pol ne moderira odnos između subjektivne procene finansijske situacije i psiho-fizičkog zdravlja. Svi nalazi su diskutovani u okviru teorija o efektima gubitka zaposlenja i spram nalaza brojnih istraživanja u ovoj oblasti.

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