ODRASLOST U NASTAJANJU, STATUS IDENTITETA I RODITELJSKA KONTROLA

  • Ardijana Beričić Institut za istraživanje i edukaciju ,,Zaposlena mama” u Zagrebu
  • Inja Erceg Odsjek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Ključne reči: nestudenti, odraslost u nastajanju, roditeljska kontrola, status identiteta, studenti

Apstrakt

Ciljevi ovog istraživanja bili su ispitati razlike između skupina pojedinaca različitog studentskog statusa u karakteristikama odraslosti u nastajanju i statusu identiteta, te provjeriti povezanost roditeljske kontrole s dimenzijama identiteta odraslih u nastajanju. Istraživanje je provedeno na uzorku od 363 sudionika u dobi od 18 do 25 godina. U istraživanju su korišteni sljedeći instrumenti: Inventar dimenzija odraslosti u nastajanju, Upitnik procesa razvoja identiteta, skale psihološke i bihejvioralne kontrole te helikopter ponašanja, kao i čestica koja mjeri subjektivan osjećaj odraslosti. Rezultati pokazuju kako se pojedinci različitog studentskog statusa razlikuju na tri dimenzije odraslosti u nastajanju: doba mogućnosti, doba nestabilnosti i doba osjećaja razmeđe, te dopunskoj skali doba fokusiranja na druge. Studenti u većoj mjeri nego diplomirani smatraju da je odraslost u nastajanju za njih doba nestabilnosti i doba osjećaja razmeđe, dok nestudenti u većoj mjeri nego studenti smatraju kako je odraslost u nastajanju za njih doba fokusiranja na druge. Većina pojedinaca koji su diplomirali se smatra odraslima, dok nestudenti i studenti većinom izjavljuju kako se smatraju odraslima samo u određenim aspektima. Nisu pronađene razlike u statusu identiteta između skupina različitog studentskog statusa. Na dimenziji obvezivanja pronađena je statistički značajna negativna povezanost s bihejvioralnom i psihološkom kontrolom majke, te s psihološkom kontrolom oca, dok je na dimenziji istraživanja pronađena samo statistički značajna negativna povezanost s helikopter ponašanjima majke.

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