TEMPORAL CHANGES IN THE EVALUATION OF POLITICAL PARTIES: DOES EVALUATION OF POLITICAL PARTIES REFLECT ATTITUDINAL IDEOLOGIES?

  • Boban Petrović Institute of Criminological and Sociological Research, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Janko Međedović Institute of Criminological and Sociological Research, Belgrade, Serbia; Faculty for Media and Communication, Singidunum University, Belgrade, Serbia
Keywords: political parties, political ideology, lexical approach, temporal changes

Abstract

Previous research has shown that since the beginning of the 1990s, differentiation in the ideological orientations of political parties in Serbia has been increased. Comparing three samples, we explored the temporal stability of relations between evaluations of Serbian political parties (DSS, DS, SRS, SPS, SNS, and LDP) and lexically derived ideological dimensions: Traditional and Religious Sources of Authority, Unmitigated Self-Interest, Communal Rationalism, and Subjective Spirituality. We hypothesize that: 1) political parties should be divided into conservative and socio-liberal parties, and this structure should become stable over time; 2) the evaluation of political parties should consistently reflect their political ideology orientation : conservative parties should be related to an indicator of conservative ideology, Traditional Religiosity, while socio-liberal parties should be related to a humanistic ideological orientation, Communal Rationalism. Data was collected in three time-points: 2010 (N = 102), 2014/15 (N = 358) and 2016 (N = 117) from university students in Serbia. In all three studies principal component analyses of evaluations of political parties showed that two components were extracted and interpreted as evaluations of the National-Conservative Parties and Socio-Liberal Parties (in 2010 and 2014), i.e. Democratic parties (in 2016). However, while the structure of evaluations of the National-Conservative Parties remained stable, the congruence of evaluations of the Socio-Liberal Parties decreased over time. Additionally, the results of regression analyses showed that evaluations of the National-Conservative Parties were rooted in Traditional and Religious Sources of Authority and Unmitigated Self-interest, but the percentage of explained variance decreased over time. The evaluations of the Socio-Liberal Parties had much weaker relations with ideological orientations throughout all three time-points. The findings suggested that there was some kind of ‘’ideological crisis’’ in Serbia, primarily regarding the Socio-Liberal Parties and their supporters.

References

Abendschön, S., & Steinmetz, S. (2014). The gender gap in voting revisited: Women's party preferences in a European context. Social Politics, 21, 315−344. doi:1.1093/sp/jxu009
Adams, J., Clark, M., Ezrow, L., & Glasgow, G. (2004). Understanding change and stability in party ideologies: Do parties respond to public opinion or to past election results?. British Journal of Political Science, 34, 589−561. doi:1.1017/S0007123404000201
Bieber, F. (2003). The Serbian opposition and civil society: Roots of the delayed transition in Serbia. International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society, 17, 73−79. doi:1.1023/A:1025388926816
Bochsler, D. (2010). The party system of Serbia. In V. Stojarova & P. Emerson (Eds.), Party Politics in the Western Balkans (pp. 99−118). New York: Routledge.
Converse, P. E. (1964). The nature of belief systems in mass publics. In D. E. Apter (Ed.), Ideology and discontent (pp. 206 –261). New York: Free Press.
Cvejić, S. (2016). On inevitability of political clientelism in contemporary Serbia. Sociologija, 58, 239−252. doi:1.2298/SOC1602239C
Dalton, R. J., & McAllister, I. (2015). Random walk or planned excursion? Continuity and change in the left–right positions of political parties. Comparative Political Studies, 48, 759−787. doi:1.1177/0010414014558257
Duckitt, J., & Sibley, C. G. (2016). Personality, ideological attitudes, and group identity as predictors of political behavior in majority and minority ethnic groups. Political Psychology, 37, 109–124. doi:1.1111/pops.12222
Jost, J. T. (2006). The end of the end of ideology. American Psychologist, 61, 651−667. doi:1.1037/0003-066X.61.7.651
Jost, J. T., Federico, C. M., & Napier, J. L. (2009). Political ideology: Its structure, functions, and elective affinities. Annual review of psychology, 6, 307−337. doi:1.1146/annurev.psych.6.110707.163600
Kovačević, S. (2015). Kriza funkcija političkih partija [The crisis of the political parties functions]. Zbornik radova Pravnog fakulteta u Nišu [Collection of Papers Faculty of Low, Niš], 69, 165−181. doi:1.5937/zrpfni1569165K
Krauss, S. (2006). Does ideology transcend culture? A preliminary examination in Romania. Journal of Personality, 74, 1219−1256. doi:1.1111/j.1467-6494.2006.00408.x
Kuzmanović, B., & Petrović, N (2010). Ciljevi i očekivanja kao činioci stavova prema političkim strankama [Goals and expectations as elements of attitudes toward political parties]. Sociološki pregled, 3, 453–447.
Međedović, J., &Petrović, B. D. (2013). Predictors of party evaluation in post-conflict society: The case of Serbia. Psihologija, 46, 27−43. doi:1.2298/PSI1301027M
Mihajlović, S. (2006). Vrednosne orijentacije stranačkih pristalica [Value orientations of party followers]. In Z. Lutovac (Ed.), Demokratija u političkim strankama Srbije [Democracy in political parties in Serbia] (pp. 143−168). Belgrade: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung and Institute of Social Sciences.
Mihić, V. (2005). Povezanost biračkog opredeljenja i nekih političkih stavova stanovnika Vojvodine [Voting preferences and political attitudes in Vojvodina]. Psihologija, 38, 197−212. doi:1.2298/PSI0502197M
Pantić, D. (2006). Vrednosna i stavovska homogenost pristalica političkih partija u Srbiji na kraju 2005 [Homogeneity of values and attitudes of supporters of political parties in Serbia at the end of 2005] . In Z. Lutovac (Ed.), Demokratija u političkim strankama Srbije [Democracy in the political parties of Serbia] (pp. 169−187). Belgrade: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung and Institute of Social Sciences.
Pantić, D., & Pavlović, Z. (2006). Stranačke pristalice i komponente političke kulture u Srbiji [Party supporters and political culture components in Serbia]. In Z. Lutovac (Ed.), Političke stranke i birači u državama bivše Jugoslavije [Political parties and voters in the countries of the former Yugoslavia] (pp. 41−112). Belgrade: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung and Institute of Social Sciences.
Pavlović, Z. (2013). Prediktori izborne apstinencije mladih u Srbiji [Predictors of youth electoral absenteeism in serbia]. Primenjena psihologija, 6, 5−21. doi:1.19090/pp.2013.1.5-21
Petrović, B. D. (2016). Struktura, determinante i korelati leksički deriviranih socijalnih stavova u Srbiji [The structure, determinants and the correlates of lexically-derived social attitudes in Serbia] (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade.
Saucier, G. (2000). Isms and the structure of social attitudes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 366−385. doi:1.1037/0022-3514.78.2.366
Saucier, G. (2008). Measures of the personality factors found recurrently in human lexicons. In G. J. Boyle, G. Matthews, & D.H. Saklofske (Eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Personality Theory and Assessment: Personality Measurement and Testing, Vol. 2 (pp. 28−54). New York, London: SAGE Publications Ltd. doi:1.4135/9781849200479.n2
Saucier, G. (2013). Isms dimensions: Toward a more comprehensive and integrative model of belief-system components. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104, 921−939. doi:1.1037/a0031968
Spasojević, D. (2017). Vrednosno profilisanje stranaka na izborima 2016. godine [Value profiling of parties in the 2016 elections]. In G. Pilipović & Z. Stojiljković (Eds.), Stranke i javne politike [Parties and public policies](pp. 33−47). Belgrade: Faculty of Political Sciences.
Stojiljković, Z. (2011). Partijske ideologije, evropski politički prostor i Srbija [Party ideologies, European political space and Serbia]. Godišnjak Fakulteta političkih nauka, 6, 105–118.
Todosijević, B. (2006). Politics in Serbia 1990−2002: A cleavage of world views. Psihologija, 39, 121−146. doi:1.2298/PSI0602121T
Todosijević, B. (2016). Left-right ideology: Its meaning and effects on party preferences in Serbia. Sociološki pregled, 50, 161–178.
Wilson, M. S., & Sibley, C. G. (2013). Social dominance orientation and right-wing authoritarianism: Additive and interactive effects on political conservatism. Political Psychology, 34, 277−284. doi:1.1111/j.1467-9221.2012.00929.x
Published
25. 04. 2018.