PROCENE KONKRETNOSTI REČI ZAVISE OD STIMULUSNOG KONTEKSTA

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Marina Ćirić Dušica Filipović Đurđević

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Problem ovog istraživanja bilo je utvrđivanje da li i u kojoj meri kontekst u kom se prikupljaju procene, utiče na procenu konkretnosti tih reči. Pošlo se od pretpostavke da će kontekst u kome se prikupljaju procene konkretnosti reči uticati na samu procenu; odnosno, da će razlika između prosečnih procena konkretnih i prosečnih procena apstraktnih reči biti veća kada su one date zajedno, u jedinstvenoj listi, u odnosu na situaciju kada su date u odvojenim listama. Eksperiment kojim je ispitivan efekat konteksta sastojao se iz tri eksperimentalne situacije. U prvoj, ispitanici su na sedmostepenoj skali procenjivali konkretnost obe vrste reči datih u zajedničkoj listi. Druga i treća situacija su podrazumevale isti zadatak, s tom razlikom što se procena u ova dva slučaja davala samo za apstraktne, odnosno samo konkretne reči, date u posebnim listama. Zabeležen je efekat konkretnosti kao i značajna interakcija između konkretnosti reči i načina zadavanja. Dobijeni rezultati su pokazali da su konkretne reči uvek dobijale više procene nego apstraktne reči, nezavisno od načina zadavanja. Međutim, dobijena interakcija je pokazala da su razlike u prosečnim procenama između apstraktnih i konkretnih reči bile manje kada su te reči prikazane odvojeno, nego u slučaju kada su prikazane zajedno. Ovaj nalaz od značaja je za teorijska razmatranja o prirodi fenomena konkretnosti, a istovremeno ima i praktične implikacije koje treba imati u vidu prilikom spajanja procena konkretnosti koje potiču iz različitih baza (koje su prikupljene u različitim normativnim studijama).

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ĆIRIĆ, Marina; FILIPOVIĆ ĐURĐEVIĆ, Dušica. PROCENE KONKRETNOSTI REČI ZAVISE OD STIMULUSNOG KONTEKSTA. Primenjena psihologija, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 3, p. 375-400, sep. 2017. ISSN 2334-7287. Dostupno na: <http://primenjena.psihologija.ff.uns.ac.rs/index.php/pp/article/view/2068>. Datum pristupa: 21 nov. 2017 doi: https://doi.org/10.19090/pp.2017.3.375-400.
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