DEVELOPMENT AND EMPIRICAL EVALUATION OF THE HOMOPHOBIA SCALE

Authors

  • Marko Živanović Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade
  • Teodora Đokić Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade
  • Ljiljana B. Lazarević Institute for psychology, University of Belgrade
  • Ana Orlić Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Belgrade Laboratory for experimental psychology, University of Belgrade
  • Jovana Bjekić Institute for medical research, University of Belgrade Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.19090/pp.2014.4.581-598

Keywords:

homophobia, homophobic attitudes, Homophobia scale, H25

Abstract

The paper presents development and empirical evaluation of the Homophobia scale (H25). The Homophobia scale consists of 25 items with a five-point Likert type scale. The sample of 476 subjects participated in the research. The results shown good psychometric properties of the H25 (KMO = .99, α = .97). Factor analysis revealed two highly correlated underlying dimensions of homophobia, which can be interpreted as “homosexuality as a threat to a society” and “homosexuality as a threat to me”. Convergent and predictive validities of the scale were also demonstrated. The H25 correlated with alternative measures of homophobia (feeling thermometer and connotative differential) as well as with discriminatory attitudes toward homosexuals. Additionally, homophobia was related to gender, political orientation, religiousness, contact with homosexuals and basic personality traits (i.e., Openness and Conscientiousness). In conclusion, the H25 proves to be a reliable and valid measure of homophobia in heterosexuals, which can be used for both research and practical purposes.

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Published

14.01.2015

How to Cite

Živanović, M., Đokić, T., Lazarević, L. B., Orlić, A., & Bjekić, J. (2015). DEVELOPMENT AND EMPIRICAL EVALUATION OF THE HOMOPHOBIA SCALE. Primenjena Psihologija, 7(4), 581–598. https://doi.org/10.19090/pp.2014.4.581-598

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Articles