Coronaphobia – What Do Coronaphobia Scales Measure? An Analysis of 12 Open Instruments and their Correlates
Keywords:coronaphobia, factor structure, COVID-19, general anxiety disorder
Previous studies confirmed the psychological, psychosomatic, and economic consequences of the COVID-19 outbreak, which lead to the introduction of a new concept of coronaphobia as a persistent and excessive fear of the novel coronavirus. With the beginning of the pandemic, the interest in coronaphobia-related measurement began and until 2021, 12 instruments were created, with a total of 28 (sub)scales. The first aim of this study was to explore the joined factor structure of these measurements. The second aim was to explore a wide range of correlates of coronaphobia (sociodemographic characteristics, general anxiety disorder, Big Five traits, knowledge about coronavirus, and political orientation). The sample included 347 participants (42.1% male) from the general population of Serbia and data were collected in April 2021. Results showed that only one component could be extracted based on 28 (sub)scales of coronaphobia, meaning that physiological, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral aspects of coronaphobia are rather intercorrelated. Furthermore, among explored correlates, general anxiety disorder had the highest contribution to the explanation of coronaphobia. Additionally, Openness showed a negative, and age showed a positive contribution to the explanation of coronaphobia. Our results suggest that coronaphobia should be understood as a syndrome that captures physiological, cognitive, behavioral, and emotional aspects, and that individuals who are already prone to anxiety disorders are more prone to coronaphobia as well.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Luna Radević, Marko Milošević, Miroslav Milosavljević, Bojana M. Dinić
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.