Goal-Setting Interventions in Sports: Public Goal Monitoring Improves Swimmers' Motivation and Performance
Keywords:goal, feedback, public posting, attendance, swimming performance
Interventions based on the goal-setting theory include a goal-setting situation and provision of different variations of feedback. Previous studies did not compare the impact of different goal-setting interventions on young athletes' performance. This preliminary work aimed to examine the effectiveness of two interventions, goal-setting with private monitoring and goal-setting with public posting. In the study, young swimmers (N = 42) were assigned to a public monitoring condition, a private monitoring condition, and a control condition. A difference was found in the attendance of training sessions, with the public posting group being superior to other groups. Controlling for baseline performance, participants in the public posting condition performed better than control participants. Public posting created conditions in which it was easier to accept set goals as focal and put greater effort into their attainment. The results contribute to a better understanding of how goal monitoring motivates behavior and performance.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Andrej Simić
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