DIREKTNI I INDIREKTNI EFEKTI NETOLERANCIJE NA NEIZVESNOST NA DISTRES TOKOM COVID-19 PANDEMIJE

  • Jelena Blanuša
  • Vesna Barzut
  • Jasmina Knežević
Ključne reči: COVID-19, distress, medijska izloženost, netolerancija na neizvesnost, strah

Apstrakt

Pandemija izazvana koronavirusom uticala je na celokupnu populaciju, izazivajući kod mnogih pojedinaca, indirektno ili direktno pogođenih, povišeni nivo distresa. Takva globalna kriza mentalnog zdravlja zahteva identifikaciju ključnih mehanizama koji dovode do povećanog distresa tokom pandemije. Specifičnost početka COVID-19 pandemije ogledala se u nedostatku informacija i, posledično, u visokom nivou procenjene neizvesnosti. Glavni cilj ovog istraživanja bio je ispitivanje efekta netolerancije na neizvesnost na doživljeni nivo distresa tokom pandemije. Dodatno, ispitivan je i posredni efekat medijske izloženosti, kao i straha u vezi  sa COVID-19 infekcijom. Ukupno 740 ispitanika učestvovalo je u online istraživanju na početku pandemije u Republici Srbiji. U našem uzorku izmeren je umereno visok nivo distresa. Približno ⅓ ispitanika bila je u svakoj grupi: bez distresa, umereno visok i veoma povišen nivo distresa. Rezultati analize serijalne medijacije pokazali su da netolerancija na neizvesnost ima značajan direktan efekat na distres, ali i indirektan, preko straha od COVID-19 infekcije i preko medijske izloženosti. Viši nivo netolerancije na neizvesnost povezan je sa većom količinom vremena provedenom u traženju informacija u medijima i, nadalje, sa višim strahom i višim nivoom distresa. Pokazano je, takođe, da je medijska izloženost povezana sa povećanim nivoom straha od virusa. Ovakvi rezultati ukazuju na važnost nedvosmislenog i jasnog informisanja tokom krize, koje ima potencijal da smanji neizvesnost, i pružaju praktične implikacije za medije i državne institucije.

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Objavljeno
03. 03. 2021.