AMBIVALENCIJA U KREATIVNOJ PRODUKCIJI STUDENATA UMETNOSTI

  • Irena J. Ristić Fakultet dramskih umetnosti Univerzitet umetnosti u Beogradu
  • Miloš Milošević Fakultet za fizičku kulturu i menadžment u sportu Univerzitet Singidunum
Ključne reči: emocionalni doživljaj, kontrast, kreativnost, pobuđenost, valenca

Apstrakt

Savremeni autori produbljuju uvide o kreativnom procesu ispitujući homospacijalno mišljenje zasnovano na ukrštanju udaljenih asocijacija koje su suprotstavljene u razvoju novih ideja. Upitno je da li se ukrštanje zasniva isključivo na pretpostavkama semiotičke raznorodnosti, ili pak emocije imaju izvesnu ulogu u povezivanju različitih asocijacija. Cilj ovog istraživanja je ispitati razlike između sadržaja koji izazivaju kongruentne i nekongruentne emocionalne doživljaje u pogledu njihovog delovanja na kreativnu produkciju. Stepen kongruentnosti emocionalnog doživljaja kontrolisan je na dimenzijama valence i pobuđenosti. U eksperimentu su učestvovali studenti dramskih umetnosti (N = 32), a za vizuelnu stimulaciju korišćena je IAPS baza (International Affective Picture System): Ukrštanjem 32 fotografije napravljeno je 56 superponiranih vizuelnih kompozicija u kojima su vrednosti valence i pobuđenosti sistematski varirane, tako da se uzorak sastojao od kompozicija  izrazitog, umerenog i odsutnog kontrasta kako na dimenziji valence tako i pobuđenosti, kao i kompozicija koje su u potpunosti neutralne jer imaju srednje vrednosti na obe dimenzije. Nakon izlaganja od studenata je traženo da za svaku kompoziciju smisle kreativan naslov, dok je kreativnost merena pomoću koeficijenata zasnovanih na proceni originalnosti i intencionalnosti odgovora. Analizom varijanse potvrđen je efekat kontrasta na dimenziji valence, ali ne i pobuđenosti. Kontrast valence pozitivno je koreliran sa kreativnošću i može biti njen prediktor. Rezultati proširuju uvide o homospacijalnom mišljenja i delimično mogu biti objašnjeni psihodinamskim konceptom reparacije, potvrđujući pritom značajnu ulogu ambivalencije u generativnim procesima.

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