MOŽEMO LI ISTIM ČIMBENICIMA PREDVIĐATI VRŠNJAČKO NASILJE KOD DJEČAKA I DJEVOJČICA?

  • Tena Velki Odsjek za društvene znanosti, Fakultet za odgojne i obrazovne znanosti, Univerzitet Josip Juraj Strossmayer u Osijeku
Ključne reči: ekološki model, prediktori, rod, vršnjačka agresija

Apstrakt

Primjenjujući ekološki pristup na problematiku vršnjačkog nasilja, cilj ovog istraživanja bio je utvrditi možemo li istim prediktorima predviđati vršnjačko nasilno ponašanje kod dječaka i kod djevojčica. U istraživanju je sudjelovalo 880 učenika (48% dječaka i 52% djevojčica) petog do osmog razreda osnovne škole i isto toliko njihovih roditelja kao i 107 nastavnika. Djeca su dala neke osnovne demografske podatke (dob, spol, školski uspjeh, broj prijatelja), nominirali su nasilne vršnjake te procijenili vlastito nasilno ponašanje, stupanj afektivne empatije i impulzivnosti, školsku klimu, roditeljsko ponašanje, opasnost susjedstva i utjecaj medija. Roditelji su dali podatke koji se odnose na socioekonomski status obitelji, a nastavnici koji se odnose na dolaske roditelja u školu. Multivarijantim višerazinskog modeliranjem utvrđeno je kako različiti prediktori predviđaju vršnjačko nasilje kod dječaka u odnosu na djevojčice. Općenito se pokazalo kako su odabrani prediktori bolje objasnili nasilno ponašanje za dječake nego za djevojčice. Glavne razlike bile su individualnim karakteristikama i obiteljskom mikrosustavu, odnosno više je statistički značajnijih prediktora dobiveno za dječake, a također su i neki distalni prediktori u interakciji s individualnim karakteristikama i obiteljskim mikrosustavom bili važni u objašnjenju nasilnog ponašanja u dječaka. Rezultati istraživanja pokazuju da je rod kao biološka kategorija snažno utjecao na vršnjačku agresiju. Psihološke karakteristike, kao i roditeljski odgoj, bolje su objasnili vršnjačko nasilje u dječaka. Dobiveni nalazi su također vrlo važni za školsku politiku, tj. programi intervencije i prevencije vršnjačkog nasilja trebali bi se razlikovati ovisno o rodu djeteta.

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