PSIHOLOŠKO, TELESNO I SOCIJALNO BLAGOSTANJE STARIH OSOBA NAKON GUBITKA SUPRUŽNIKA

  • Kristina Krstić Joksimović Odsek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
  • Milica Lazić Odsek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
  • Vesna Gavrilov- Jerković Odsek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
  • Veljko Jovanović Odsek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
  • Nikolija Rakočević Odsek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
Ključne reči: blagostanje, gubitak supružnika, starost, tugovanje

Apstrakt

Cilj ovog istraživanja je ispitivanje psihofizičkog i socijalnog blagostanja starih osoba nakon nedavnog gubitka supružnika. Istraživanje blagostanja starih ožalošćenih je sprovedeno poređenjem grupe tugujućih (64 ispitanika) i netugujućih starih osoba (104 ispitanika). Starost ispitanika obe grupe kretala se od 65 do 89 godina. Dobijeni rezultati potvrđuju postojanje značajnih razlika u nivou većine ispitivanih indikatora blagostanja. Razlike su uglavnom male do srednje veličine efekta. Stare osobe koje su u protekla dva do tri meseca izgubile supružnike ispoljavaju očekivano niže zadovoljstvo životom i niži doživljaj smisla života, kao i više vrednosti negativnog i niži stepen pozitivnog afekta u poređenju sa ispitanicima u bračnom odnosu. Dodatno, tugujuće osobe izveštavaju o većem doživljaju usamljenosti, uprkos snažnije percipiranoj dostupnosti instrumentalne podrške. Suprotno očekivanjima proisteklim iz nekih ranijih nalaza, razlike između tugujućih i netugujućih ispitanika nisu registrovane u pogledu stepena emocionalnog distresa i percipiranog zdravstvenog statusa. Takođe, ove dve grupe ispitanika se ne razlikuju po nivou rezilijentnosti i percipirane emocionalne podrške, dok se razlike pojavljuju u nivou funkcionalnog statusa. Tugujući ispitanici se pokazuju kao funkcionalno nezavisniji od netugujućih. Polne razlike u grupi tugujućih ispitanika utvrđene su samo u slučaju negativnog afekta, koji je u većoj meri zastupljen kod udovica. Uopšteno, dobijeni rezultati su u većem delu u skladu sa ranijim istraživanjima, ali delimično ukazuju i na izvesne specifičnosti koje moguće proističu iz nekih karakteristika tugovanja i starenja u našoj kulturi.

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