MEĐUGRUPNI KONTAKT I MEĐUGRUPNA IDENTIFIKACIJA KAO PREDIKTORI MEĐUGRUPNIH STAVOVA I OPRAŠTANJA U SRPSKOM KONTEKSTU: MODERIRAJUĆA ULOGA IZLAGANJA POZITIVNIM INFORMACIJAMA

  • Huseyin Cakal Škola psihologije, Kil Univerzitet, Ujedinjeno Kraljevstvo
  • Nebojša Petrović Odeljenje za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Srbija
Ključne reči: kontakt, socijalni identitet, poverenje, kolektivna krivica, praštanje

Apstrakt

Intergrupni kontakt smanjuje predrasude i pobolјšava stavove prema tuđim grupama, dok istaknuti socijani identitet može imati suprotne efekte. Nedavna istraživanja pokazala su da izloženost pozitivnim informacijama o tuđoj grupi može da utiče na efekte kontakta i socijalnog identiteta na stavove prema tuđim grupama. U ovom istraživanju se ispituju efekti kontakta i socijalnog identiteta na stavove prema Bošnjacima i na praštanje prema njima, na uzorku Srba (N = 400) slučajno raspoređenih u kontrolnu i eksperimentimentalnu grupu. U eksperimentalnoj grupi ispitanicima su predstavlјene kratke biografije tri eminentna Bošnjaka muslimana, u pozitivnom kontekstu, nakon čega su ispitanici odgovarali na upitnike. U kontrolnoj grupi ispitanici su samo odgovarali na upitnik, bez biografija. Rezultati su pokazali da se prosečne vrednosti za unutargrupnu identifikaciju i međugrupno poverenje značajno razlikuju između ove dve grupe. Konkretno, kod ispitanika koji su bili u eksperimentalnoj grupi, tj. izloženi pozitivnim informacijama o Bošnjacima, registrovan je viši nivo intergrupnog poverenja i niži nivo unutargrupne identifikacije kao Srba. Zatim je sprovedeno modeliranje multi-grupnim strukturalnim jednačinama, preko kojih je testiran prediktivni efektat prošlog kontakta i unutar grupne identifikacije na međugrupne stavove i praštanje, uz medijatorski efekat poverenja i kolektivne krivice, kako u kontrolnoj, tako i eksperimentalnoj grupi. U obe situacije prošli kontakt je pozitivno, a unutargrupna identifikacija negativno predviđala i međugrupne stavove i praštanje preko poverenja i kolektivne krivice. Izloženost pozitivnim informacijama o tuđoj grupi moderirala je indirektne efekte unutargrupne identifikacije na međugrupne stavove preko kolektivne krivice.

Biografije autora

Huseyin Cakal, Škola psihologije, Kil Univerzitet, Ujedinjeno Kraljevstvo

Škola psihologije, Kil Univerzitet, Ujedinjeno Kraljevstvo

Nebojša Petrović, Odeljenje za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Srbija

Odeljenje za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Srbija

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20. 09. 2018.