VISOKI BAS I NISKI BIS KOD PRETJERANE SAMOUVJERENOSTI, I NJIHOV UTJECAJ NA MOTIVACIJU I SAMOEFIKASNOST POSLIJE USPJEHA I NEUSPJEHA

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Dino Krupić

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Ostvarivanje raznih ciljeva u životu ovisi o mnogim faktorima. Veliku ulogu u tome ima upornost pri postizanju ciljeva. Pretjerano samouvjereni pojedinci imaju visoka očekivanja od sebe, vjeruju u svoj uspjeh, no istovremeno češće griješe, više riskiraju i manje rade (ulažu manje napora). Unatoč češćem doživljavanju neuspjeha, samouvjereni pojedinci ne postaju oprezniji ili manje samouvjereni, već nastavljaju djelovati na isti način. Prvi cilj istraživanja je empirijski provjeriti može li se takav obrazac ponašanja objasniti visokom osjetljivosti na dobitke/nagrade i niskom osjetljivosti na gubitke/kazne. Kao mjera razine osjetljivosti na nagrade i kazne pojedinaca u ovom radu su korišteni Upitnik osjetljivosti na potkrepljenje (eng. Reinforcement Sensitivity Questionnaire - RSQ) te Upitnik osjetljivosti na kazne i osjetljivosti na nagrade (eng. Sensitivity to Punishment Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire - SPSRQ) kojima su se mjerili ponašajni sustav približavanja (eng. Behavioural Approach System - BAS) i ponašajni sustav inhibicije (eng. Behavioural Inhibition System - BIS). Promatrana je uloga sustava osjetljivosti na nagrade i kazne u dva povezana bihevioralna zadatka. Cilj prvog zadatka je bio utvrditi povezanost osjetljivosti na nagrade i kazne sa samouvjerenosti. Rezultati korelacijske analize na 93 ispitanika su ukazala na pozitivnu povezanost BAS-a i SR-a, te negativnu BIS-a i SP-a sa samouvjerenosti, čime se prva hipoteza potvrdila. Isti ispitanici su promatrani i u drugom bihevioralnom zadatku u kojem su promatrane promjene u motivaciji i samoefikasnosti nakon uspješno i neuspješno odrađenog zadatka. Cilj drugog zadatka bio je ispitati mogu li tendencije izbjegavanja i približavanja predvidjeti promjenu u motivaciji i samoefikasnosti nakon pozitivnog ili negativnog učinka. Mjere samoefikasnosti i motivacije su zabilježene prije i poslije samog zadatka. Moderatorskom regresijskom analizom je utvrđeno kako motivacija kod osoba visokih na BIS-u, SP-u i SR-u pada nakon neuspjeha i raste nakon uspjeha, dok samouvjerene i osobe visoke na BAS-u zadržavaju istu razinu motivacije nakon neuspjeha. Razlike u predikciji promjene motivacije kod pojedinaca visokih na BAS-u i SR-u se raspravljaju u kontekstu novijih razmatranja uloge različitih aspekata sustava osjetljivosti na nagrade. Iste osobine ličnosti se nisu pokazali značajni prediktori samoefikasnosti. Zaključno, ovaj rad predstavlja empirijski doprinos o ulozi crti ličnosti u predviđanju reakcija nakon uspjeha i neuspjeha, što može imati važne praktične implikacije.

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KRUPIĆ, Dino. VISOKI BAS I NISKI BIS KOD PRETJERANE SAMOUVJERENOSTI, I NJIHOV UTJECAJ NA MOTIVACIJU I SAMOEFIKASNOST POSLIJE USPJEHA I NEUSPJEHA. Primenjena psihologija, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 3, p. 297-312, sep. 2017. ISSN 2334-7287. Dostupno na: <http://primenjena.psihologija.ff.uns.ac.rs/index.php/pp/article/view/2063>. Datum pristupa: 17 dec. 2017 doi: https://doi.org/10.19090/pp.2017.3.297-312.
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