DVA TIPA LIČNOSTI MEĐU OSUĐENICIMA: RAZLIKE U PSIHOPATIJI, AGRESIVNOSTI I KRIVIČNIM DELIMA

  • Bojana Dinić Odsek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
  • Jelena Barna Odsek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
  • Biljana Trifunović Odsek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
  • Aleksandra Angelovski Odsek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
  • Selka Sadiković Odsek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu

Apstrakt

Cilj ovog istraživanja je ispitivanje klasifikacije osuđenika na osnovu osobina ličnosti. Na uzorku od 166 muškaraca lišena slobode, osuđena za nasilna krivična dela, primenjena je skraćena verzija upitnika Velikih pet plus dva (VP+2-70), Upitnik za procenu psihopatije (PAQ) i Upitnik agresivnosti BODH. Rezultati analize latentnih profila pokazuju da se na osnovu VP+2-70 mogu identifikovati dve klase osuđenika – klasa agresivnih i klasa emocionalno stabilnih osuđenika. Pri tome, osnovna razlika između klasa je u sklonosti, pre svega, ka reaktivnoj agresiji i neuroticizmu kojoj su, očekivano, više skloni osuđenici iz klase agresivnih. Kada se kontroliše starost, klase se razlikuju u odnosu na bes i dominaciju iz domena agresivnosti, kao i u odnosu na interpersonalni stil iz domena psihopatije, mada su razlike u interpersonalnom stilu niskog intenziteta. Dobijene razlike su u korist klase agresivnih osuđenika. Dalje, među osuđenicima iz klase agresivnih češće su osuđeni za nasilno krivično delo protiv imovine, dok je u obe klase jednak broj onih osuđenih za ubistvo. Identifikacija dve klase osuđenika ima teorijske i praktične implikacije za sagledavanje tipova osuđenika i sklonosti određenim nasilnim krivičnim delima.

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