KOPING MEHANIZMI KAO MEDIJATORI U RELACIJI IZMEĐU PERCIPIRANOG STRESA I MERA PREDOSTROŽNOSTI TOKOM PANDEMIJE COVID-19

  • Ana Genc
  • Jasmina Pekić
  • Ilija Milovanović
Ključne reči: COVID-19, koping mehanizmi, mere predostrožnosti, percepcija stresa

Apstrakt

Aktuelna pandemija COVID-19 predstavlja akcidentnu krizu globalnih razmera koja je pred čovečanstvo postavila zahtev adaptivnog savladavanja nepoznatih i nisko kontrolabilnih stresora. Upravo zbog toga, ovo istraživanje u glavnom fokusu ima koping mehanizme, koji su najpre razmatrani u domenu njihove faktorske strukture, da bi se nakon toga ispitala medijatorska uloga koping mehanizama u relaciji između percepcije stresa i mera predostrožnosti u kontekstu pandemije. U istraživanju su učestvovala 582 odrasla ispitanika sa teritorije Srbije (75,7% žena), prosečne starosti 38,74 godine (SD = 10,48). U merenju koping mehanizama primenjena je skala Brief COPE (Coping Orientation to Problems Expirienced), percepcija stresa je ispitana skalom PSS (Perceived Stress Scale), dok je sklonost ka pridržavanju propisanih mera predostrožnosti ispitana skalom koja je konstruisana za potrebe ispitivanja. Eksplorativnom faktorskom analizom izdvojeno je 7 koping strategija, od kojih prva po funkciji odgovara suočavanju usmerenom na problem, druga suočavanju usmerenom na emocije, u trima izolovanim dimenzijama se prepoznaju  strategije suočavanja izbegavanjem, dok se funkcija Humora i Religije nije mogla jasno odrediti. Nakon sprovođenja faktorske analize višeg reda izdvojena su dva faktora: prvi koji objedinjuje suočavanje usmereno na problem, odnosno na emocije, Humor i Religiju, i drugi faktor koji okuplja mehanizme usmerene na suočavanje izbegavanjem. Rezultati hijerarhijske regresione anlize sugerišu značajne parcijalne medijatorske efekte koping mehanizama, pri čemu prvi faktor višeg reda pospešuje efekte percepcije stresa na praktikovanje mera predostrožnosti, dok drugi faktor višeg reda ove efekte umanjuje. Dobijeni rezultati otvaraju pitanje primerenosti procene stresa uzrokovanog akcidentnom krizom standardnim instrumentima za merenje koping mehanizama, kao i mogućnosti adekvatnog reagovanja na stresore koji su nepoznati i nisko kontrolabilni.

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03. 03. 2021.