SOCIJALNA PODRŠKA I STRES POVODOM NEPLODNOSTI : ZNAČAJNOST RAZLIČITIH IZVORA PODRŠKE

  • Jovana Jestrović Centar za podršku ranom razvoju i porodičnim odnosima Harmonija, Novi Sad
  • Ivana Mihić Odsek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
Ključne reči: neplodnost, partner, porodica, prijatelji, socijalna podrška

Apstrakt

Rezultati ranije sprovođenih istraživanja ukazuju na značaj socijalne podrške za kvalitet života pojedinca. Socijalna podrška izdvaja se kao jedan od najvažnijih protektivnih faktora u procesu suočavanja sa brojnim životnim krizama, od kojih je jedna i neplodnost. U cilju ispitivanja značajnosti dobijene socijalne podrške od strane prijatelja, porodice i značajne osobe u percepciji stresa povodom neplodnosti, ispitano je 312 žena, starosti od 21 do 48 godina, koje se suočavaju sa neplodnošću. Na ispitanicama je primenjena Multidimenzionalna skala percipirane socijalne podrške i Upitnik problema sa plodnošću. Ispitanice socijalnu podršku koju primaju od najbližijih procenjuju veoma zastupljenom, pri čemu se pokazalo da ispitanice najviše zastupljenom procenjuju podršku od značajne osobe, zatim porodice i na kraju prijatelja. Uzimajući u obzir dužinu suočavanja sa problemom, odnosno grupu u kojoj se ispitanice nalaze, dobijene su značajne razlike u percepciji podrške od strane porodice i prijatelja, ali ne i partnera. Nadalje, bez obrzira na najveću zastupljenost podrške od strane partnera, primenom regresione analize dobijeno je da smanjenju percipiranog stresa povodom neplodnosti u značajnoj meri doprinose podrška od strane prijatelja i porodice, dok se ova vrsta podrške od strane značajne osobe nije pokazala značajnim prediktorom, izuzev u domenu stresa koji se odnosi na partnerski odnos. Dobijeni nalazi ukazuju na značaj edukovanja šire populacije o problemu neplodnosti i načinima pružanja podrške ovim parovima, kao i rad sa pojedincima i parovima na razvijanju strategija za traženje podrške od bliskih ljudi.

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