RELACIJE AGENSNOG I KOMUNALNOG NARCIZMA SA SAMOEFIKASNOŠĆU U RAZLIČITIM ŽIVOTNIM DOMENIMA

  • Nevena Radojević Odsek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
  • Bojana Dinić Odsek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
Ključne reči: agensni narcizam, delotvornost, komunalni narcizam, samoefikasnost, zajedništvo

Apstrakt

Narcizam predstavlja multidimenzionalni konstrukt, a prema jednoj od novijih konceptualizacija koja se oslanja na model delotvornosti-zajedništva, mogu se izdvojiti dve dimenzije grandioznog narcizma - agensni i komunalni. Agensni narcizam se ispoljava kroz veličanje sopstvenog postignuća i kompetencija, a komunalni kroz isticanje empatije i činjenje dobrih dela za druge i čovečanstvo, te se može pretpostaviti da će ova dva aspekta narcizma pokazati različiti obrazac veza sa samoefikasnošću u različitim životnim sferama. Cilј ovog istraživanja je ispitivanje tipologije narcizma na osnovu orijentacije na delotvornost i zajedništvo, te poređenje dimenzionalog i tipološkog pristupa u ispitivanju relacija narcizma sa doživljajem samoefikasnosti u različitim životnim domenima (socijalnom, emocionalnom i radnom). Rezultati analize latentnih profila pokazuju da se na osnovu mera agensnog i komunalnog narcizma mogu izdvojiti četiri tipa: visok narcizam, agensni narcizam, komunalni narcizam i nizak narcizam. Dalje, rezultati pokazuju da se tipovi visokog i agensnog narcizma međusobno ne razlikuju u svim domenima samoefikasnosti, te da na njima ostvaruju više skorove. S druge strane, tipovi komunalnog i niskog narcizma se međusobno ne razlikuju u radnoj i socijalnoj samoefikasnosti, dok više skorove u emocionalnoj samoefikasnosti ostvaruje komunalni tip. Agensni tip karakteriše viša radna i socijalna samoefikasnost u odnosu na komunalni, dok razlike u emocionalnoj samoefikasnosti nisu značajne. Poređenje dimenzionalnog i tipološkog pristupa je pokazalo da tipovi imaju inkrementalnu prediktivnu moć u odnosu na dimenzije u objašnjenju socijalne i radne samoefikasnosti, ali ne i emocionalne.

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