VALIDACIJA MEĐUNARODNE BAZE AFEKTIVNIH FOTOGRAFIJA (IAPS) U SRBIJI: POREĐENJE SRPSKOG I MAĐARSKOG UZORKA

  • Beata Grabovac Učiteljski fakultet na mađarskom nastavnom jeziku u Subotici, Departman za društvene i humanističke nauke, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
  • Anita Deák Institut za psihologiju, Departman za opštu i evolucionu psihologiju, Univerzitet u Pečuju
Ključne reči: emocionalni stimulusi, fotografije, IAPS, mađarski jezik, srpski jezik

Apstrakt

Cilj rada je bio da proširi istraživanja koja se vrše u svetu na Međunarodnoj Bazi Afektivnih Fotografija (IAPS) i na Srbiju. U istraživanju je ukupno učestvovalo 158 studenata, devedeseto- ro mađarskih i šezdeset i osmoro srpskih osoba. Ispitanici su ocenjivali šezdeset slika iz IAPS baze na dimenzijama valen- ce, pobuđenosti i dominantnosti. Jedan od glavnih ciljeva bio je poređenje rezultata dobijenih u Srbiji sa rezultatima iz Istočne Amerike. Našli smo značajne međugrupne razlike na dimenziji pobuđenosti između grupe iz Istočne Amerike i mađarske gru- pe. Pored toga, dobili smo značajne razlike između mađarske i srpske grupe iz Srbije, kao manjinske i većinske grupe. Rezultati su pokazali da se ove dve grupe značajno razlikuju na dimenziji pobuđenosti. Uzimajući u obzir rezultate iz Mađarske, statistički je značajna razlika između mađarske grupe iz Mađarske i Ame- ričke grupe, kao i mađarske grupe iz Mađarske i naše mađarske grupe na dimenziji dominantnosti. Polne razlike su dobijene na dimenziji pobuđenosti i dominantnosti. One su u skladu sa pret- hodnim kros-kulturalnim istraživanjima. Rezultati korelacije ocena iz Amerike, Bosne, Mađarske i dveju grupa iz Srbije pokazuju da je najjača povezanost dobijena među odgovorima kod podgrupe iz Srbije. Na osnovu svih dobijenih rezultata možemo zaključiti da su afektivne ocene u Srbiji slične onima iz drugih zemalja i da se IAPS baza može koristi u istraživačke svrhe u Srbiji.

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