RELACIJE BAVLJENJA SPORTOM I EMOCIONALNE INTELIGENCIJE NA SREDNJOŠKOLSKOM UZRASTU

  • Duško Lepir Institut za sport, Fakultet fizičkog vaspitanja i sporta, Univerzitet u Banjoj Luci
  • Siniša Lakić Odsjek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Banjoj Luci
  • Vladimir Takšić Odsjek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Sveučilište u Rijeci
Ključne reči: : adolescencija, crte ličnosti, emocionalna inteligen- cija, sport, sposobnosti

Apstrakt

Istovremeno vrlo popularan i metodološki kontroverzan konstrukt emocionalne inteligencije je dovođen u vezu sa velikim brojem relevantnih eksternih varijabli kada je u pitanju psihološko funk- cionisanje u različitim životnim domenima. Iako postoje teorijska razmatranja koja povezuju bavljenje sportom sa izraženošću emo- cionalne inteligencije, mali je broj empirijskih istraživanja te veze, a ona su pogotovo rijetka na našem podneblju i kada je u pitanju ado- lescentska dob. Cilj našeg istraživanja je bio ispitati da li bavljenje sportom na srednjoškolskom uzrastu ostvaruje relaciju sa emocio- nalnom inteligencijom koja je konceptualizovana i kao crta ličnosti i kao sposobnost. Na uzorku od 191 učenika srednje škole (od čega 61.1% ženskog pola, uzrasta od 14 do 19 godina) zadani su upitnik samoprocjene UEK45, koji ima trofaktorsku strukturu, te dva objek- tivna situaciona testa emocionalne inteligencije, STEU i STEM. Naši rezultati potvrđuju potrebu za diferencijacijom konstrukata koji se mjere upitnicima samoprocjene i objektivnim testovima. Nada- lje, ustanovljeno je da, čak i kada se kontrolišu efekti pola i godina starosti, sportisti postižu više rezultate na svim mjerama, ali je to pogotovo evidentno na objektivnim testovima. U radu diskutujemo moguća objašnjenja za dobijene razlike koje se očituju na hijerarhij- ski složenijim aspektima emocionalne inteligencije i ukazujemo na potrebu za multimetodskim pristupom kada su u pitanju naučna i stručna procjena emocionalnih kompetencija mladih sportista.

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