VALIDACIJA KOEFICIJENTA IZUZETNOSTI U PROCENI LIKOVNIH PRODUKATA

  • Irena Ristić Fakultet dramskih umetnosti, Univerzitet umetnosti u Beogradu
  • Miloš Milošević Fakultet za fizičku kulturu i menadžment u sportu, Univerzitet Singidunum u Beogradu
Ključne reči: kreativnost, likovna produkcija, konstrukcija koeficijenta, validnost, pouzdanost

Apstrakt

U radu su testirane validnost i pouzdanost novog načina merenja kreativnosti produkta, putem konstruisanja koeficijenata izuzetnosti i kreativnosti. Proverena je preciznost merenja, kao i opravdanost primene koeficijenata u proceni likovnih produkata, uz poređenje sa rezultatima izvedenim iz konsenzualne tehnike procene (CAT). Postupak konstrukcije obuhvata dva koraka: 1) kategorizaciju kreativnih produkata po sličnosti, uz proveru njihove intencionalnosti, nakon čega sledi 2) izračunavanje koeficijenata izuzetnosti kao mere originalnosti pojedinačnih odgovora (količnika broja 1 i broja ispitanika koji su dali isti odgovor), i koeficijenta kreativnosti (količnika dobijenih i mogućih odgovora na nivou varijable). Validnost i pouzdanost koeficijenata izuzetnosti testirane su uz učešće 53 studenta, podeljenih u dva poduzorka: umetnička i opšta studentska populacija. Svaki student je imao zadatak da na osnovu apstraktnog stimulusa napravi svoj crtež. Potom je kreativnost njihovih crteža izmerena koeficijentima, kao i konsenzualnom tehnikom procene (Consensual Assessment Technique - CAT). Razlike u kreativnosti između umetničke i opšte studentske populacije ukazuju na diskriminativnost i kriterijumsku validnost koeficijenata. Pozitivna i statistički značajna korelacija između ekspertskih procena i koeficijenata govori u prilog konvergentne validnosti. Nalazi sugerišu da konstruisani koeficijenti omogućuju precizno i objektivno procenjivanje likovnih produkata podjednako kao i CAT, pritom su daleko dostupniji u uslovima ograničenih resursa, te se primena već sada čini opravdanom.

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25. 06. 2018.
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