SOCIJALNO POŽELJNO ODGOVARANJE I STRUKTURA LIČNOSTI – DIMENZIONALNA I TIPOLOŠKA PERSPEKTIVA

  • Milan Oljača Odsek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
  • Bojan Branovački Odsek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
  • Selka Sadiković Odsek za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
Ključne reči: socijalno poželjno odgovaranje, dimenzionalni pristup, tipološki pristup, VP 2, Malo verovatne vrline

Apstrakt

Prvi cilj ovog rada jeste da ispita odnos socijalno poželjnog odgovaranja (SPO) sa ARC tipologijom (Asendorpf-Robins-Caspi), koja polazi od pretpostavke o tri tipa ličnosti: rezilijentnom, hiperkontrolisanom i hipokontrolisanom i testira hipotezu o povišenim skorovima na SPO kod tipa rezilijentnih. Drugi cilj ovog rada je da ispita relacije SPO sa sedam bazičnih dimenzija ličnosti. U istraživanju je učestvovalo 1322 ispitanika (51.7% ženskog pola), starosti od 18 do 77 godina (AS = 33.63). Primenjena je IPIP simulacija skale Malo verovatnih vrlina (Mvv), kao upitnička operacionalizacija SPO, i skraćena verzija upitnika Velikih Pet plus dva, koji operacionalizuje sedam leksičkih dimenzija ličnosti u srpskom jeziku. Analiza latentnih klasa je sprovedena u zajedničkom prostoru dimenzija VP+2 i Mvv. Analizom su identifikovana tri tipa ličnosti: neadaptirani, rezilijentni i suzdržani. Rezultati idu u prilog pretpostavkama o relacijama SPO i tipova ličnosti, pri čemu tip rezilijentnih postiže umereno povišene skorove na SPO, tip suzdržanih prosečne skorove, dok tip neadaptiranih postiže umereno snižene skorove na SPO. Kako bi se ispitale relacije SPO sa dimenzijama ličnosti primenjena je univarijatna analiza kovarijanse, uz kontrolu pola, starosti i obrazovanja. Rezultati potvđuju nalaze prethodnih istraživanja o relacijama SPO sa dimenzijama ličnosti iz perspektive Petofaktorskog modela, ali takođe ukazuju na veliki značaj evaluativnih dimenzija za razumevanje SPO, koje su uz Savesnost i Ekstraverziju najbolji prediktori SPO.

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