STEREOTYPES IN YOUNG SERBS ABOUT CROATS AND BOSNIAKS PROVOKED BY COLLECTIVE MEMORY STIMULI

  • Tijana Karić Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Novi Sad, Serbia
  • Vladimir Mihić Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Novi Sad, Serbia
  • José Ángel Ruiz Jiménez Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies Department of Contemporary History, Faculty of Philosophy and Languages, University of Granada, Spain
Keywords: stereotypes, collective memory, social distance, national identity

Abstract

Not many studies have dealt with how Serbs from Serbia see Croats and Bosniaks in the light of the wars from 1990s. In our study, we used a quasi-experimental approach to assess the type of stereotypes provoked in Serbs, and their relationship to social distance and the national identity. The sample consisted of 66 participants of Serbian ethnicity, born between 1991 and 1995, who are residing in Serbia. The instruments included Social Distance Scale, National Identity Scale, socio-demographic questionnaire and a set of collective memory stimuli followed by a set of questions. As stimuli, we used shortened versions of collective memories as described by Ruiz Jiménez (2013), in order to set a context which referred to the 1990s wars. The results have shown that the described stimuli have impactneither on stereotypes nor on the social distance and the national identity of participants. However, the social distance is lower than in previous studies in the region, and Croats are consistently seen in more negative terms than Bosniaks and Serbs.

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Published
11. 01. 2018.