AUTORITARNOST I POLITIČKA KOGNICIJA

  • Zoran Pavlović Odeljenje za psihologiju, Filozofski fakultet, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Srbija
  • Bojan Todosijević Centar za politikološka istraživanja i javno mnjenje, Institut društvenih nauka, Beograd, Srbija
Ključne reči: autoritarnost, politička informisanost, zainteresovanost za politiku, Srbija

Apstrakt

U radu se analizira veza između autoritarnosti i političke kognicije, operacionalizovane preko tri indikatora: politička informisanost, opšte interesovanje za politiku, i zainteresovanost za izbornu kampanju. Polazi se od hipoteze da su osobe sa višim stepenom autoritarnosti slabije politički informisane i manje zainteresovane za politiku, što proizilazi iz njhovog izrazitijeg otpora novim informacijama i menjanju usvojenih stavova. Ova hipoteza proizilazi iz klasičnog pisa autoritarne ličnosti, ali do sada nije adekvatno empirijski proverena. Podaci dolaze iz post-izbornog istraživanja javnog mnenja, sprovedenog nakon predsedničkih i parlamentarnih izbora 2012. godine. Anketirano je 1568 građana Srbije, odabranih metodom slučajnog izbora. Rezultati pokazuju da je autoritarnost u negativnoj korelaciji sa političkom informisanošću. S druge strane, opšta politička zainteresovanost i zainteresovanost za izbornu kampanju nisu u korelaciji sa nivoom autoritarnosti. Ove asocijacije su stabilne i nakon uvođenja statističke kontrole za osnovne socio-demografske variable. Dodatno poređenje pogrešno informisanih i neinformisanih grupa ispitnika (onih koji su dali pogrešne odgovore, i onih koji su odgovorili da ne znaju tačan odgovor) nije dalo podršku viđenju da su autoritarne osobe sklonije pogađanju odgovora nego tome da jednostavno odgovore da ne znaju. Analiza je zaključena tezom da je veza između autoritarnosti i političke informisanosti zasnovana na dubljim psihološkim procesima, dok je veza (odnosno nedostatak veze) sa interesovanjem za politiku više pod uticajem političkog konteksta.

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Objavljeno
11. 01. 2018.